Peru is a country as diverse in its landscapes as it is in cultures. Seas and deserts give way to mountains and lush jungles. Its rich biodiversity allows visitors to experience an incredible array of plants and animals, many of which are rare and endangered.
This true gem of South America has been honoured by numerous civilizations and cultures dating back thousands of years. Their historical presence has been preserved in some of the world’s greatest archaeological wonders, leaving countless travellers awestruck every year. The following are the best things you’ll find in Peru.
Most notably, the country is home to one of the world’s greatest wonders, Machu Picchu, as well as numerous equally impressive Inca ruins. You can find well preserved archaeological structures and ruins just about anywhere in Peru, with such notables as the Nazca Lines geoglyphs, the Túcume pyramids, and the America’s oldest known city of Caral. With so many ancient treasures which date back thousands upon thousands of years, it would be nearly impossible to explore all Peru has to offer in a single trip.
As rich as Peru is when it comes to archaeological treasures, its wealth of wildlife is phenomenal. A traveller could not find a more biodiverse place to explore, as Peru offers the towering Andes, lush tropical Amazon rainforest, dry deserts, and expansive Pacific coastline. Its wildlife is protected in over 50 reserves such as Manu National Park, Pacaya Samiria National Reserve, Huascaran National Park, Tambopata National Reserve, and Titicaca National Reserve.
Peru’s varied landscape from deserts to jungles to high altitude mountains have produced a wide variety of ethnic groups and cultures for travellers to embrace. The Quechua people, descendants of the Inca and its great empire, still call the Andes region home. The Uros are well known for their incredible skill of handcrafting reed boats and floating islands in Puno on the massive Lake Titicaca, while the Amazon is home to a wide variety of Amazonian tribes, many of which are to this day listed as uncontacted.
With so many treasures located inland, it’s easy to miss Peru’s stunning coastline which stretches nearly 2,500 kilometres to enjoy. Nature lovers can head to the south to take in Paracas where they will find the Ballestas Islands, known as the Galapagos Islands of Peru. Head even further south to explore Peru’s prettiest beach town of Mollendo.
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